Industries That Use Reciprocating Pumps

Triangle Pump

Industries That Use Reciprocating Pumps

Contributor: Sam Kelton, Triangle Pump Components

Industries That Use Reciprocating Pumps

A wide range of industries uses reciprocating pumps in diverse applications. Incorporating reciprocating pumps results in repeatable and precise mechanical operations. Industries that commonly use reciprocating pumps include:

  • Oil and gasOil and gas industry applications include disposal, offshore oil, production, injection, feed, charge, steam generators, mainline, and field gathering.
  • Chemical processingRaw natural gas liquids (NGLs) derived from fracking need to undergo multi-stage processing in order to convert into chemical products such as PVC. Chemical processors frequently use reciprocating pumps for rigorous processing operations.
  • Food processing: Reciprocating pumps in the food industry allow for the movement of ingredients from one vat to another, the transportation of liquids of various viscosities, and the delivery of water for food safety and sanitation.
  • MiningThe safe and efficient transportation of minerals from mines to processing locations is a key procedure of successful mining operations. Slurry pumps are one critical application in which reciprocating pumps play a large role.
  • Paper and pulp manufacturingMechanical and chemical pulping processes both use reciprocating pumps that are able to withstand intense operating conditions.
  • Soap manufacturingIt takes a lot of processing to transform raw soaps, liquids, and powders into products ready for consumer purchase. Reciprocating pumps are a key component in many of these manufacturing and refining processes.
  • Wastewater treatmentWastewater treatment plants are responsible for contaminant removal, purification processing, and the proper treatment of waste effluent. Reliable and durable reciprocating pumps are extremely important to maintain the effectiveness of a treatment plant’s operations.

Advantages of Reciprocating Pumps Over Centrifugal Pumps

Reciprocating pumps offer several advantages over centrifugal pumps:

  • The flow rate of a centrifugal pump may fluctuate during operation while a reciprocating pump provides a steady, unchanging flow rate.
  • Reciprocating pumps are ideal for high-pressure, low-flow applications. Although centrifugal pumps may be more effective for high-volume-discharge scenarios, reciprocal pumps generate greater amounts of pressure per operation. For instance, reciprocal pumps used in water jet cutting applications may generate pressures greater than 10,000 PSI.
  • Centrifugal pumps always require priming, whereas reciprocal pumps rarely ever need priming.
  • Reciprocating pumps generally operate at higher efficiencies than other pumps, generally reaching levels of 90% or more efficiency.

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5 responses to “Industries That Use Reciprocating Pumps”

  1. William Lee Littles says:

    I really love your information on pumps. I have really learned a lot of very valuable information.
    Please send me some information on beginner, intermediate, and advanced pump schools, preferably online schools.
    Thank you all so very much.

  2. aaaaarep says:

    do you know abt spacing utilization of reciprocating pump?

    • Cieana Detloff says:

      Thanks for posting an inquiry. We will direct your question to one of our Industry Pros to follow up and try to help answer your question. ~Empowering Brands Staff

      • There are too many variables involved to address this question in any specific manner that will prove helpful for you. Pump size, RPM, NPSHR, NPSHA, the type of fluid being pumped and so on come into play. The pump’s manufacturer may be a better source for this type of information once specifics are known. I can advise that you stick to the basics of good suction piping design in your layout. If these principles aren’t followed you will experience a great deal of difficulty long term. For this information please refer to Triangle’s article entitled “Suction System Problems and Prevention Techniques.” This article can be found on TPCI’s website at

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